Main Author: Ācārya Kundakunda
Editor and Translator: Vijay K. Jain
Divine Blessings: Ācārya Viśuddhasāgara Muni
Publisher: Dehradun : Vikalp Printers, December 2021
Subjects: Jainism – Doctrines – Early works to 1800
Jaina Philosophy, Jaina Ethics
Description: xxx + 234 p. (264 p.) ; 24 cm x 17 cm
Format: Book; Hard-bound
Language Note: Prakrit, Hindi and English
Bārasa Aņuvekkhā – ‘The Twelve Contemplations’ – of Ācārya Kundakunda (circa 1st century BC) contains 91 verses (gāthā). ‘Aņuvekkhā’, ‘aņupekkhā’, ‘anuprekşā’, and ‘bhāvanā’ are synonyms; these terms are used in Prākrit, Apabhramśa, Sanskrit and Hindi languages, respectively. Contemplation means ‘meditating on the nature of the Reality’.
The uniqueness of Ācārya Kundakunda’s exposition is that he has described each contemplation both from the empirical (vyavahāra) as well as the transcendental (niścaya) points-of-view (naya).
These contemplations help a man practise moral virtues, like forbearance (kşamā), and lead to highly effective stoppage (samvara) of karmas. He who does contemplation observes properly the moral virtues and also endures the afflictions.